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Ландшафтный дизайн для профессионалов (Landscaping for Professionals)

Учебник английского языка для профессионалитета (Садово-парковое и ландшафтное строительство 35.02.05)
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Содержатся тексты на английском языке, в которых освещаются общие сведения о ландшафтном дизайне, а также упражнения для закрепления речевых навыков. Предназначен для обучающихся по специальности 35.02.05 Садово-парковое и ландшафтное строительство.
Рыльщикова, Л. М. Ландшафтный дизайн для профессионалов (Landscaping for Professionals) : учебник английского языка для профессионалитета (Садово-парковое и ландшафтное строительство 35.02.05) / Л. М. Рыльщикова. - Волгоград : ФГБОУ ВО Волгоградский ГАУ, 2023. - 128 с. - ISBN 978-5-4479-0365-7. - Текст : электронный. - URL: https://znanium.com/catalog/product/2132357 (дата обращения: 22.05.2024). – Режим доступа: по подписке.
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Министерство науки и высшего образования Российской Федерации 

Департамент координации деятельности организаций  

в сфере сельскохозяйственных наук 

Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение  

высшего образования  

«Волгоградский государственный аграрный университет» 

 

Кафедра «Иностранные языки» 

 
 
 
 
 

Л.М. Рыльщикова 

О.В. Храмова 

 
 
 

ЛАНДШАФТНЫЙ  ДИЗАЙН 
ДЛЯ  ПРОФЕССИОНАЛОВ 
(Landscaping for Professionals) 

 
 
 

Учебник английского языка для профессионалитета 

Садово-парковое и ландшафтное строительство 

по специальности 35.02.05 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Волгоград 

Волгоградский ГАУ 

2023 
УДК 811.111.1 
ББК81.2 Англ. 
Р-95 
 
 

Рецензенты: 

доцент кафедры «Социально-гуманитарные дисциплины» Волжского 
политехнического института (филиал) ВолГТУ, кандидат филологических 
наук В.Б. Крячко; 
доцент кафедры английского языка и методики его преподавания 
ВГСПУ, кандидат филологических наук Т.А. Ионова. 
 

Рыльщикова, Любовь Михайловна 

Р-95  
 Ландшафтный дизайн для профессионалов (Landscaping 

for Professionals): учебник английского языка для профессиона-
литета 
(Садово-парковое 
и 
ландшафтное 
строительство 

35.02.05) / Л.М. Рыльщикова, О.В. Храмова – Волгоград: 
ФГБОУ ВО Волгоградский ГАУ, 2023. – 128 с. 

 
 
ISBN 978-5-4479-0365-7 

 
 
Содержатся тексты на английском языке, в которых освещаются 

общие сведения о ландшафтном дизайне, а также упражнения для закрепления 
речевых навыков. 
 
Предназначен для обучающихся по специальности 35.02.05 Са-

дово-парковое и ландшафтное строительство. 
 
 

 
 
 
 
Рекомендовано методической комиссией Института непрерыв-

ного образования ФГБОУ ВО Волгоградский ГАУ (протокол №2 от 
05.12.2022 г.). 
 

УДК 811.111.1 
ББК81.2 Англ. 

 

ISBN 978-5-4479-0365-7 
 
 ФГБОУ ВО Волгоградский ГАУ, 2023  
 Рыльщикова Л.М., Храмова О.В., 2023 
 

 
THE 3RD MILLENNIUM 

EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGIES  

FOR RUSSIAN AGRICULTURAL COMPLEX: 

FOREIGH LANGUAGE PROFESSIONAL COMMUNICATION 

 

 

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– 

 

 L.M. Rylshchikova, O.V. Khramova 

 

LANDSCAPING  

FOR  

PROFESSIONALS  

 

 
 
 

–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– 

 

 

 

 

Volgograd 

2023 
Занятия // Units 

Unit 1 

 

LANDSCAPE 

 

ACTIVE VOCABULARY 
landscape 
 
ландшафт 

rock  
 
камень 

gravel path  
дорожка из гравия 

timber 
 
древесина 

plant  
 
растение 

inhabit 
 
населять 

select  
 
выбирать 

arrange 
 
располагать 

foresee 
 
предвидеть 

wooden 
 
деревянный 

rot 
 
 
гнить 

rust  
 
ржаветь 

erode  
 
разрушать(ся) 

 
Pre-text questions: 
1. What do you know about landscapes? 
2. What natural landscapes are there in your city or region? 

 

Text LANDSCAPE COMPONENTS 

 

A landscape is known to  
consist of both living and non 
living things.  
As for the examples of non 
living 
components, 
they  

might be rocks, gravel paths, 
timber, walls and so on. 
These non living components 
can be regarded in the follow-
ing ways: 
• as the materials which they 
are made up of; and 
• as the structures or things 
which the materials are used 
to make. 
The living components of the landscape are the plants (and probably the an-
imals which inhabit it). A land scape can be made good or bad by the way in 
which these components are both selected and are arranged together. 
As the landscape is constantly changing, a good designer must foresee the 
changes which are likely to happen. Plants grow, flower and die. Wooden 
structures rot, metal things rust. 
The land can erode. The garden changes continually during the season. A 
skilled landscapedesigner will not only be aware of, moreover, he willmake  
use of these changes. 
 
Exercise1.1. Find in the text the English equivalents to the following 
words and word combinations: 
ландшафт, состоять из, живые существа, пример, что касается, древесина, 
камни, рассматривать, стена, населять, растения, животные, 
возможно, отбирать, располагать, постоянно, деревянный, гнить, ржаветь, 
разрушаться, в течение, опытный, быть осведомленным, более 
того, земля, использовать, предвидеть. 
 
Exercise 1.2.Fill in the table using the English  words from Exercise 1.1.: 

Noun
Verb
Adjective
Adverb
Word combination
Preposition

 
Exercise 1.3. Find in the text synonyms to the following words: 
to comprise, as to, et cetera, stone, stuff, to know, to utilize, to organize, 
constituent, to choose, to vary, ground, to live. 
 
Exercise 1.4 Study the following synonyms, use them in the sentences 
of your own: 

"состоять из 
чего-либо",  
содержать в 
себе 
что-

либо"

to consist of
the breakfast consisted of cereals, 
toast and orange juice

to be composed 
of

The separate things something is com-
posed of are its parts or members

to involve
The process may involve operations 
such as leveling and tilling the soil

to comprise
The university comprises 7 faculties 
and 56 departments.

to be made (up) 
of

The series was made up of 52 episodes 
of 30 minutes each

To contain
Organic food contains 48% less cad-
mium
Exercise 1.5 Find in the text sentences with as, define what part of 
speech it is in each case, translate the sentences into Russian; make 
your own examples with as. 
 
Exercise 1.6.Learn the following word combinations, use them in the 
sentences of your own: 
 
tobe (un)likely to do smth,  to be aware of smth 
 
Exercise 1.7. Make the following questions and address them to your 
deskmates. 
1) if landscape consists of non-living things only; 
2) if rock is an example of non-living component; 
3) how non-living things can be regarded; 
4) if landscape can be made good or bad; 
5) if plants are the only living components of landscape; 
6) if landscape ever changes; 
7) what a good designer should foresee; 
8) when the garden changes continually. 
 
Exercise 1.8. Complete the sentences according to the text. 
1) A landscape consists of ... 
2) Non-living components are ... 
3) Non-living components are regarded as... 
4) The living components of a landscape are ... 
5) A good designer should foresee ... 
6) Plants grow, ... 
7) The garden changes ... 
8) A skilled designer will ... 
 
Exercise 1.9. Correct the statements according to the text. 
1) A landscape consists of living components. 
2) The non-living components are the rocks. 
3) The living components of landscape are the plants. 
4) A landscape can never be made bad. 
5) Any designer foresees the changes of landscape. 
6) Plants and animals never die. 
7) The garden remains unchanged during the season. 
8) Wooden structures rust, metal structures rot. 
 
 
TALKING POINTS 
 
Exercise 1.10. Comment on: 
- the components of landscape; 
- various non-living components of landscape; 
- various living-components of landscape; 
- how landscape changes during the season; 
 
Exercise  1.11 Think of possible components of different landscapes: 
- in the park 
- in the summer house/cottage. 
 
Exercise 1.12. Make a dialogue between a designer and a potential cli-
ent regarding the components of landscape and changes in landscape. 
 
Exercise 1.13. Make a short story about creating the landscape of your 
dream. 

Unit 2 

 

PRINCIPLES OF LANDSCAPE DESIGN 

 

Pre-text questions: 
1. Do you know any principles of landscape design?  
2. Why should designers follow certain principles in their work? 
 
ACTIVE VOCABULARY 
 
principle 
 
принцип 

affect  
 
влиять 

over-riding  
основной 

unity  
 
единство 

appreciate  
ценить 

influential  
влиятельный 

landscaper  
ландшафтный дизайнер 

composition  
композиция, состав 

space  
 
пространство 

satisfy 
 
удовлетворять 

emphasis 
 
акцент, упор 

suit 
 
 
соответствовать, удовлетворить 

appearance  
внешний вид, облик 
Text THE PRINCIPLES OF LANDSCAPE DESIGN(1) 

 

The basic principles 
of landscape design 
are 
those 
things 

which affect the way 
in which the compo-
nents are used e.g., 
the over-riding prin-
ciple in Chinese gar-
dens is the unity  be-
tween rocks, plants 
and water. The fa-
mous 17th Century 
French designer Le 
Notre 
appreciated 

theprinciple of symmetry, while for the influential 18th century English 
landscaper Capability Brown,  themost important principle was for land-
scapes to be natural in their appearance. 
Ground forms, structures and plants all need to be arranged into a pleasant-
composition of spaces tosatisfy the principles that are  chosen by the de-
signer with an emphasis to suit the customer.  
 
Exercise 2.1.Give all possible derivatives of the following words: 
 
plant, space, satisfy, compose, affect, nature, appear, ground, arrange, cus-
tom. 
 
Exercise 2.2.Define  the meaning of the word over-riding. Learn its 
synonyms, translate the examples into Russian, give the examples of  
your own: 
 
основной,
первостепенный


main
The 18-month project contains four main
components.

basic
You just need some basic tools.

key
She notes keychanges and their signifi-
cance.

primary
Many sectors owed their name to their 
primary system

fundamental
We believe this is a fundamentalmistake.

paramount
Further growth remains a paramountobjective
Exercise 2.3.Put questions to the words in bold. 
 
1) The famous 17th Century French designer Le Notre appreciated theprin-
cipleof symmetry 
2) Ground forms, structures and plants all need to be arranged into a 
pleasant composition of spaces. 
3) The over-riding principle in Chinese gardens is the unity  between 
rocks, plants and water. 
4) For the influential 18th century English landscaper Capability 
Brown,  themost important principle was for landscapes to be natural in 
their appearance. 
 
Exercise 2.4.Match the adjectives  in (a) with the corresponding nouns 
in (b), translate the word combinations into Russian, make your own 
examples with these word combinations: 
 
(a) basic, famous, influential, natural, pleasant, Chinese, important 
(b) composition, designer, gardens, landscaper, principles, appearance, 
principle. 
 
ACTIVE VOCABULARY 
 
place  
 
помещать 

appear 
 
оказываться 

desirable 
 
нужный, желательный 

assortment  
набор, выбор 

shrub  
 
куст 

pattern 
 
узор, шаблон, схема 

 

Text THE PRINCIPLES OF LANDSCAPE DESIGN(2) 

 
The major principles of landscape design are as follows: 
Unity is achieved by grouping, placing or arranging in such a way that sev-
eral individual componentsappear to have a sense of oneness. A desirable 
appearance needs to be achieved from all points ofview. A repetitive pat-
tern can be used to create unity. For instance,  placing rocks in thegarden, 
use the same type of rock throughout the garden, rather than an assortment 
of rocks withvarying shapes, colors and textures. 
 
 
Balancerefers to equilib-
rium, either symmetrical 
or 
asymmetrical. 
With 

symmetrical balancethere 
is duplication on either 
side of an imaginary line 
of landscape compo-nents 
in terms of line, form or 
color -e.g., two similarly 
shaped garden beds in 
front of a cottage. Sym-

metry is an important feature of formal landscapes. In case of asymmetrical 
balance  different objects or masses are placed on either side of the same 
sort of imaginary line, but in a way that equilibrium still exists – e.g., three 
or five silver birch trees planted in a group. Asymmetry gives the garden a 
more relaxed, natural appearance. 
Proportion refers to proper sizing or scaling of components in relation to 
each other and to the total landscape; e.g., tall trees are not in proportion if 
used in a small courtyard, nor is a small shrub in proportion in the middle 
of a large lawn. 
Harmony refers to the way different parts of the landscape fit together. 
Overall, most designers strive to achieve harmony. 
Contrast is in opposition to harmony and should not be overdone. Occa-
sional contrasts are used to reate an eye catching feature in a garden; e.g., 
contrasting foliage texture, color or form provides a focal point in the gar-
den. 
Rhythm is a conscious repetition of equal or similar components in the 
garden. It is usually created by repetition and transition (the slow change 
from one thing to another). 
 
Exercise 2.5.Read and translate the following international words 
without a dictionary. 
opposition, harmony, component, proportion, contrast, texture, symmetry, 
balance, asymmetrical, object, natural, individual, pattern, create, assort-
ment, line, formal, total, group. 
 
Exercise 2.6.Find in the text the English equivalents of the following 
Russian words and word combinations: 
достигать, относиться к, воображаемый ,равновесие, чувство единства, 
перестараться/переусердствовать, сочетаться, дублирование, любая 
из,  
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