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English for Radio Engineering: сборник текстов и упражнений для аудиторной и самостоятельной работы студентов

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В издании представлены текстовый материал, коммуникативные упражнения, задания по грамматике, аудированию. Цель сборника -обеспечение более эффективного практического овладения английским языком. Для студентов радиотехнических направлений спепиалитета и бакалавриата.
Кириловская, Е. Г. English for Radio Engineering: сборник текстов и упражнений для аудиторной и самостоятельной работы студентов : учебно-практическое пособие / Е. Г. Кириловская, Т. М. Лежнина. - Йошкар-Ола : Поволжский государственный технологический университет, 2016. - 116 с. - ISBN 978-5-8158-1723-4. - Текст : электронный. - URL: https://znanium.com/catalog/product/1893494 (дата обращения: 15.04.2024). – Режим доступа: по подписке.
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Е. Г. Кириловская       Т. М. Лежнина 

 
 
 
 
 

English for Radio Engineering   

 
 

Сборник текстов и упражнений  

для аудиторной и самостоятельной работы студентов  

 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Йошкар-Ола 

2016 
 

УДК 378.147:811.111 (07) 
ББК  73.268.1 я 73 

К 43 

 
 

Рецензенты: 

кандидат технических наук, доцент ПГТУ А. Ю. Чернышев; 
кандидат педагогических наук, доцент ПГТУ Е. М. Егошина 

 
 
 

Печатается по решению  

редакционно-издательского совета ПГТУ 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 

Кириловская, Е. Г.  

К 43       English for Radio Engineering: сборник текстов и упражнений 

для аудиторной и самостоятельной работы студентов / Е. Г. Кири-
ловская, Т. М. Лежнина. – Йошкар-Ола: Поволжский государственный 
технологический университет, 2016. – 116 с.  
ISBN 978-5-8158-1723-4 

 

В издании представлены текстовый материал, коммуникативные 

упражнения, задания по грамматике, аудированию. Цель сборника – 
обеспечение более эффективного практического овладения английским 
языком.  

Для студентов радиотехнических направлений специалитета и 

бакалавриата. 

 

УДК 378.147:811.111 (07) 

ББК 73.268.1 я 73 

 
ISBN 978-5-8158-1723-4 
© Кириловская Е. Г., Лежнина Т. М., 2016  

 
© Поволжский государственный 

 
технологический университет, 2016 

 

CONTENT 

Предисловие ...................................................................................................... 4 

UNIT 1 ................................................................................................................ 4 

UNIT 2 ................................................................................................................ 9 

UNIT 3 .............................................................................................................. 13 

UNIT 4 .............................................................................................................. 17 

UNIT 5 .............................................................................................................. 20 

UNIT 6 .............................................................................................................. 25 

UNIT 7 .............................................................................................................. 30 

UNIT 8 .............................................................................................................. 36 

UNIT 9 .............................................................................................................. 39 

UNIT 10 ............................................................................................................ 43 

UNIT 11 ............................................................................................................ 47 

UNIT 12 ............................................................................................................ 52 

UNIT 13 ............................................................................................................ 56 

UNIT 14 ............................................................................................................ 62 

UNIT 15 ............................................................................................................ 68 

UNIT 16 ............................................................................................................ 73 

UNIT 17 ............................................................................................................ 75 

UNIT 18 ............................................................................................................ 78 

UNIT 19 ............................................................................................................ 84 

UNIT 20 ............................................................................................................ 92 

Appendices ....................................................................................................... 98 

References....................................................................................................... 115 

 

 

ПРЕДИСЛОВИЕ 

 

Данное учебное пособие предназначено для студентов направлений 

специалитета и бакалавриата радиотехнического факультета. В нем 
представлены материалы для аудиторной и самостоятельной работы.  

Основная цель пособия заключается в формировании и развитии 

языковой компетенции, подразумевающей знание словарных единиц и 
владение грамматическими правилами, посредством которых словарные 
единицы преобразуются в осмысленные высказывания, а также 
дискурсивной компетенции, суть которой сводится к способности 
понимать и воспроизводить связные иноязычные высказывания по 
профессиональной тематике.  

Пособие составлено с учетом федеральных государственных 

стандартов и в соответствии с требованиями рабочей программы. При 
подготовке издания учтены предусмотренные программой технологии –  
предметно- и компетентностно-ориентированные.  

 Пособие состоит из 20 разделов, содержащих лексический и 

грамматический материал, упражнения на закрепление вводимой 
лексики, тексты, представляющие профессиональный интерес для 
студентов,  а также по аудио- и видеозадания, призванные закрепить 
тематический материал, изучаемый в каждом разделе и активизировать 
навыки аудирования. Каждый раздел рассчитан на 2-6 часов, в 
зависимости от сложности и объема представленного материала. В 
конце пособия представлены справочные материалы и материалы для 
дополнительного изучения. В основу текстового материала положены 
как зарубежные, так и отечественные учебные пособия и интернет-
ресурсы.  

Занятие строится по следующей схеме: ознакомление с новыми 

лексическими 
единицами, 
повторение 
грамматических 
основ, 

активизируемых в текстовом материале раздела, ознакомление с 
текстовым материалом, анализ его содержания, выполнение заданий по 
аудированию, суммирование освоенного в разделе материала в виде, как 
правило, монологического высказывания.  
 
 

UNIT 1 

 
TASK 1. Study new words and word combinations  

1
application
[ˌæplɪ'keɪʃn]
применение

2
science
['saɪəns]
наука

3
phenomenon
[fɪ'nɔmɪnən]
явление

4
device
[dɪ'vaɪs]
устройство

5
flow of electrons
[fləu ov ɪ'lektrɔnz]
поток электронов

6
solid
['sɔlɪd]
твердое тело

7
liquid
['lɪkwɪd]
жидкость

8
semiconductor
[ˌsemɪkən'dʌktə]
полупроводник

9
property
['prɔpətɪ]
свойство

10
law
[lo:]
закон

11
construction
[kən'strʌkʃn]
строительство

12
motion
['məuʃn]
движение

13
electron tube
[ɪ'lektrɔn tjuːb]
электронная лампа

14
technology
[tek'nɔləʤɪ]
технология

15
technician
[tek'nɪʃn]
техник

16
field
[fiːld]
поле

17
industry
['ɪndəstrɪ]
промышленность

18
amplify
['æmplɪfaɪə]
усиливать 

19
branch
[brɑːnʧ]
область

20
design
[dɪ'zaɪn]
дизайн, проектирование

21
physical
['fɪzɪkl]
физический

22
industrial
[ɪn'dʌstrɪəl]
промышленный

23
describe
[dɪ'skraɪb]
описывать

24
apply
[ə'plaɪ]
применять

25
emit
[ɪ'mɪt]
излучать

26
study
['stʌdɪ]
изучать

27
include
[ɪn'kluːd]
включать в себя

28
increase
['ɪnkriːs], [ɪn'kriːs]
увеличение, увеличивать

29
divide
[dɪ'vaɪd]
разделять

30
process
['prəuses],
[prəu'ses]

процесс, обрабатывать

31
deal with
[diːl wɪð]
иметь дело с

32
measure
['meʒə]
измерять

33
develop
[dɪ'veləp]
разрабатывать 

34
contain
[kən'teɪn]
содержать 

TASK 2. Study the following suffixes and use them to form new words.  

Verb + ment: measure, develop, replace. 
Verb +s/ tion: construct, apply, move, divide, inform, emit, invent, connect. 
Verb + er/or (person, device): process, construct, amplify, contain, research. 
Noun + ist: science, physics. 
 
TASK 3. Revise the rules how to form plural nouns and write the plurals of 
the nouns from the table above:  

1) +s: applications 
2) –s, -sh, -tch, -ch, -o, -x + es: processes 
3) consonant + y → ies: studies 

 
TASK 4. Study the present form of the verb “to be” and translate the 
sentences from Russian into English. Make them negative and interrogative.  

I am 
 
 
I am not  
 
 
Am I? 

He is 
 
 
He is not 
 
 
Is he? 

She is 
 
 
She is not  
 
 
Is she? 

It is  
 
 
It is not   
 
 
Is it? 

We are  
 
We are not 
 
 
Are we? 

You are  
 
You are not 
 
 
Are you? 

They are 
 
They are not  
 
 
Are they? 

1. Электроника – это наука. 2. Это устройство новое. 3 Математика и 

физика – науки. 4. Эта жидкость опасна. 5. Этот закон хорошо известен. 
6. Эти электронные лампы старые. 7. Этот полупроводник очень 
популярен. 8. Эта технология современная.  9. Этот дизайн очень 
интересный. 10. Это измерение точное. 11. Эта информация не точная. 
12. Этот ученый очень известный.  
 
TASK 5. Study the past form of the verb “to be” and translate the given 
above sentences from Russian into English. Make them negative and 
interrogative.  

I was 
 
I was not 
 
 
Was I? 

He was 
 
He was not 
 
 
Was he? 

She was 
 
She was not  
 
 
Was she? 

It was 
 
It was not  
 
 
Was it? 

We were 
 
We were not 
 
 
Were we? 

You were 
 
You were not 
 
 
Were you? 

They were  
 
They were not 
 
 
Were they? 

TASK 6. Study the following table of Present Simple and the rules of its use. 
Fill in the gaps in the sentences below. Make them negative and 
interrogative. 

We use it when we speak about: 

1) Habits (I play computer games every day). 
2) Permanent actions (I study Electronics). 
3) Laws and rules (Cathode emits electrons when heated). 
4) Sport commentaries (Sychev passes to Arshavin, Arshavin scores). 
5) Future: timetables (English starts at 8 a.m. tomorrow). 

Time references: always, usually, often, seldom, sometimes, never, every day 
(week, …), once a week, from time to time, etc.  

Present simple 

?
+
-

What
When
Where
Why
How
How
much
How
many
How often
Which

Do

Does

I
you
we
they
he
she
it

play?

I
We
You
play

They
He
She
plays

It

I
We
You do not play
They
He
She does not play
It

 

1. Future radio-engineers … (to study) at the radio-engineering faculty.  

2. Electronics … (to be) a young science. 3. Electronic devices … (to play) a 
great role in radio equipment. 4. A receiving station … (to receive) radio 
waves. 5. Transmitting stations … (to radiate) radio waves. 6. A transmitting 
station … (to have) a radio transmitter and antenna. 7. A radio transmitter … 
(to be) a device for radiating electromagnetic waves. 8. The main parts of a 
transmitter … (to be) а high-frequency oscillator, a ground, and an antenna. 
9. The necessary components of radio communication … (to be) a transmitter 
and a receiver. 10. A wide application of radio devices … (to lead) to the 
further development of science. 

 
 

TASK 7. Read the first part of the text. 

ELECTRONICS 

Electronics is the science of electronic phenomena, devices and systems. 

It describes and applies the flow of electrons emitted from solids or liquids 
passing through vacuum, gases or semiconductors. Electronics as a science 
studies the properties of electrons, the laws of their motion, and the laws of 
the transformation of various kinds of energy through the media of electrons. 
The basic elements in electronics are the electron tube and the transistor.  

Although electronics is properly regarded as only a section of electrical 

technology, electronic techniques are applied in many fields, including 
industry, communication, defense and entertaining. Due to its versatility it 
becomes increasingly difficult to draw clear dividing lines between 
electronics and other branches of electronic technology.  
 

While physical electronics is the science of electronic processes, 

industrial electronics deals with the technology of design, construction and 
application of electronic devices. The industrial applications of electronics 
include control gauging, counting and measuring, speed regulations, and 
many others. 

 

TASK 8. Answer the following questions and retell the text and make up 5 
more questions of your own.  

1. What is electronics? 2. What does it study? 3. What are the basic 

elements in electronics? 4. Where are the electronic techniques applied?  
5. What does industrial electronics deal with?  

 

TASK 9. Listen to the recording and fill in the gaps.  

Electronics is a new 1)… of physics, and one that plays an increasingly 

2)… part in our lives. It is concerned with the use of 3)… to produce  
4)… that carry information and control 5)… such as computers. These 
devices 6)… electric circuits through which electric current 7)…. The 
controlling parts in a circuit are called 8)…, and these 9)… diodes and 
transistors. Components can 10)… currents, switch them on and off or 
change their direction. 
 
 

UNIT 2  

 
TASK 1. Study new words and word combinations  

1
invention
[ɪn'venʃ(ə)n]
изобретение

2
important
[ɪm'pɔːt(ə)nt]
важный

3
development
[dɪ'veləpmənt]
развитие

4
engineering
[ˌenʤɪ'nɪərɪŋ]
инженерное дело

5
enlarge
[ɪn'lɑːʤ ], [en'lɑːʤ]
увеличивать

6
purpose
['pɜːpəs]
назначение, цель

7
vacuum
['vækjuːm]
вакуум

8
broadcasting
['brɔːdkɑːstɪŋ]
вещание

9
telecasting
['telɪˌkɑːstɪŋ]
телевещание

10
research
[rɪ'sɜːʧ]
исследование

11
radar
['reɪdɑː]
радар

12
replace
[rɪ'pleɪs]
заменять

13
reduce
[rɪ'djuːs]
сокращать

14
size
[saɪz]
размер

15
advance
[əd'vɑːn(t)s]
развитие, прогресс

16
consider
[kən'sɪdə]
рассматривать,
полагать

17
connect
[kə'nekt]
соединять

18
appearance
[ə'pɪər(ə)n(t)s]
появление

19
use
[juːz]
использовать

20
introduction
[ˌɪntrə'dʌkʃ(ə)n]
введение,
представление

21
range
[reɪnʤ]
диапазон

22
suppose
[sə'pəuz]
полагать

24
microelectronics
[ˌmaikrəiˌlek'troniks]
микроэлектроника

25
lead
[li:d]
приводить

26
large-scale
integrated circuit

[lɑːʤ skeil integreitid
'sɜːkɪt]

большая интегральная
схема

27
square
[skwɛə]
квадратный

28
inch
[ɪnʧ]
дюйм

29
tape recorder
['teɪprɪˌkɔːdə]
магнитофон

30
tool
[tul]
инструмент

 
 

TASK 2. Study the following suffixes and use them to form new words.  

NOUNS: Verb + -ence, -ance: appear →appearance: apply, resist, capacitor. 
ADVERBS: Adjective + -ly: usual → usually: increasing, like, recent, 
common, considerable. 
VERBS: En/ em + adjective: large → enlarge: power, able, circle. 
ADJECTIVES: 
Verb + -able: compute → computable: adjust, vary, change, note. 
Noun + -ant (-ent): import → important; 
Verb, noun + - ive: effect → effective: conduct, resist, prevent, protect. 
Noun + -ic: electron → electronic: science.  
 
TASK 3. Study the following prepositions and fill in the gaps in the text with 
the prepositions. Listen to the recording and check the answers.  

of: the flow of electrons
from: I am from Russia.
through: to pass through
in: I live in Russia.
to: I go to school

between: to draw a line between two things
with: deal with
for: a present for you
on: the computer is on the table
into: convert into 

ISAAC NEWTON 

The English physicist and mathematician Isaac Newton was one 1) ... the 

greatest scientists 2) ... all time. His theories revolutionized scientific 
thinking and laid the foundations 3) ... modern physics. His book Principia 
Mathematica is one 4) ... the most important works 5) ... the history  
6) ... modern science. Newton discovered the law 7) ... gravity and developed 
the three laws 8) ... motion that are still 9) ... use today. He was the first 
person to split white light 10) ... the colours 11) ... spectrum, and his research 
12) ... light led him to design a reflecting telescope. Newton was also one  
13) ... the pioneers 14) ... a new branch 15) ... mathematics called calculus. 
 
TASK 4. Study the following infinitive structure, read the sentences below 
and translate them from English into Russian.  

S + to be Ved/3 + to + V

The invention of electronic devices is known to have a new important phase 
in the development of electrical engineering.  
Известно, что изобретение электронных устройств ознаменовало 
новый этап в развитии эл. инженерии.  

1. Scientists are reported to be already working on Artificial Intelligence 

and the next generation of computers is likely to understand human 
languages. 2. Now plenty of materials are known to become superconductors 
at low temperature. 3. Recently some ceramic materials have been found to 
be superconductors. 4. The International Space Station was expected to be a 
permanent off-planet extension of human civilization. 5. Machine code is 
known to contain the 1s and 0s – binary code – that are processed by the 
CPU.  

 

TASK 5. Transform the sentences according to the model: It is known that 
transistors perform functions similar to valves. → Transistors are known to 
perform function to valves. 

1. It is known that sound travels faster in solids than in liquids. 2. It has 

been proved that electronic equipment saves millions of man and machine 
hours. 3. It is believed that electronics is the most progressing technology of 
the present industrial age. 4. It is evident that electronics has made a great 
contribution to automation. 5. It is known that the invention of electronic 
device has become a new important phase in the development of electrical 
engineering. 
 
TASK 6. Read the second part of the text. 

ELECTRONICS 

The invention of electronic device is known to have become a new 

important phase in the development of electrical engineering. It considerably 
enlarges the application of electrical energy for various industrial purposes. 
The invention of the vacuum tube made radio broadcasting possible and later 
on — telecasting. The researches in the field of electronics gave us radar 
devices, computers, tape recorders, betatron and a lot of medical tools. 
Semiconductor devices which have replaced electron tubes reduce the size of 
instruments. 

A great advance in electronics is considered to be connected with the 

appearance of the transistor. The use of the transistor is likely to be the first 
step in miniaturization of electronic devices and has increased the range of 
their application. The introduction of the transistor in 1948 is supposed to be 
the beginning of the evolution of microelectronics which led in the late 1970s 
to the development of large-scale integrated (LSI) circuits. Now hundreds of 
circuits can be packed on to one square inch and there seems to be no limit to 

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